A literary analysis is a document which provides an insightful explanation and exploration of literature and literary texts. There are many kinds of literary analyses with changing critical trends. Methods and modes of literary analysis change with the times and thus it becomes important that one updates oneself with the most recent developments in the field of literary analysis. Some of the most common kinds of literary analyses are as follows:
- Structural literary analysis: In this kind of literary analysis, one follows the principles of structuralism while analyzing a text. This takes into account the occurrence of phrases, clauses, images, sound patterns and so on which keep recurring at regular intervals throughout a text and which provide a structural framework for dealing with the text.
- Post Structural literary analysis: In this kind of literary analysis, the concept of a structural framework is discarded and the text is treated as infinitely recessive, capable of producing an infinite number of meanings within its boundaries.
- Biographical literary analysis: This is a kind of literary analysis which focuses on the biographical aspects of the author of the literary text. This is now not followed very often by literary analysts.
- Historical literary analysis: A historical literary analysis focuses on the social and political events which may have shaped the formation of a literary text. Such kinds of criticism belong to a textual movement called Historicism and New Historicism.
Thus, there are many different kinds of literary analyses which are widely varying as well as interrelated.